In the 1870s, a representative villa district, comparable to West End in Berlin, began to appear in the southern part of the city. The streets intersecting at a right angle formed a clear checkerboard layout. The separated plots had an area of a dozen or so ares, and apart from a house, a large garden was planned on each. The prestige of the district is evidenced by the fact the architectural designs were prepared by R. Schiller, A. Gansel and Zschetzschingk, among others. Eventually, villas of various forms – representing Classicism, Neo-Renaissance with Italian and French elements as well as the Swiss style – were built here for wealthy citizens. This elegant district was also equipped with public facilities.