Strona internetowa wykonana w ramach projektu nr CZ.11.4.120/0.0/0.0/15_006/0000086 pn „Bolesławiec-Vrchlabí – aktywna transgraniczna współpraca muzeów”, dofinansowanego przez Unię Europejską ze środków Europejskiego Funduszu Rozwoju Regionalnego w ramach Programu INTERREG V-A Republika Czeska – Polska 2014-2020.

Bolesławiec pottery exhibition after 1945

The Second World War caused major damage to ceramic works and put an end to the activities of the Ceramic Vocational School. The process of restarting the ceramics industry after World War II was very difficult and lengthy.

The first plant started operating thanks to the involvement of the ceramics artist, professor Tadeusz Szafran School of Decorative Arts in Krakow, who in 1946 launched a pottery at ul. Górne Młyny 10 (former Richard Reinhold’s factory), incorporated a year later into the structure of the Bolesławiec Pottery and Ceramics Factory. The oldest vases from this period, decorated with painted floral ornament, come from 1948.

In turn, in 1950, in the former Paul und Sohn factory, the CPLiA Cooperative “Ceramics Artistic” (currently “Ceramics Artistic” Cooperative Artistic Handicrafts) began operating. Thanks to the cooperation with PWSSP in Wrocław (currently ASP), the plant maintained a high artistic and technological level of products. The school organized student internships in a Bolesławiec company. After graduation, graduates often started work in Bolesławiec. Professors of the Wrocław university, Rudolf Krzywiec and Julia Kotarbińska, supervised local production.

In 1954, Izabela Zdrzałka became the artistic director of the cooperative. In addition to new forms, she introduced new decorating techniques, enamels on earth glaze, sgrafitt on angobas and various paintings. After the departure of I. Zdrzałka in 1958, Alicja Szurmińska-Krępowa became the artistic director for a short period, and then in 1960 Amanda Różańska took over this function. Both designers, graduates of the Wrocław PWSSP, were the authors of utility forms decorated with stamps, drip stains and cone embellishments. Designers were also involved in the factory model maker Zdzisław Pietrzakowski and Bronisław Romanowski (1950-1954, 1958-1974), also a model maker, author of unique figurines of devils, moral scenes and animals.

In 1964, Bronisław Wolanin, a graduate of the PWSSP in Wrocław, a student of professor Julia Kotarbińska took over artistic management. Its forms from the 1960s show clear inspiration by traditional local pottery. Motifs of Silesian folk art appear in glazed reliefs on plates, decanters and vases. In the 1970s, he designed a series of vases with classic proportions that are a combination of spherical, conical and cylindrical forms. Thanks to the collaboration with the excellent technologist Andrzej Skowroński, a number of new glossy, crystalline and matt glazes with a wide range of colors and subtle craquelé glazes harmoniously harmonizing with the forms of the dishes were introduced. After 1974, there was also a return to stamp decoration, mainly in intense, saturated cobalt colors. B. Wolanin, using this technique of decoration, returned to organic forms of vessels, with gently curved and liquid lines. He also developed a collection of forms covered with hand-painting, the motif of “fish scale” covering entire vessels.

The works of Wanda Matus, a graduate of the Wrocław PWSSP, stood out among the plant’s projects. She worked at the “Ceramics Artistic” Cooperative in 1974-1987, and in the years 1980-1985 she was the artistic director. Her designs were characterized by extensive decorative glazed paintings with free, stylized linear floral motifs.

In the years 1980–1985 B. Wolanin worked at the Bolesławiec Ceramic Works. During this time, he introduced into production a number of utensils in single-colored glazes.

Since 1991, Mariusz Ochocki, a graduate of the PWSSP in Wrocław, has been working at the “Artistic Ceramics” Cooperative. He collaborated with B. Wolanin, and after his retirement in 2012, he took the position of the main designer and artistic manager.

The inspiration for his forms are simple geometric solids based on a sphere and a cuboid.

The museum’s collection also includes a number of forms designed by Janina Bany-Kozłowska, who served as the main designer at the Bolesławiec Ceramic Works in the years 1999-2019. She started working at the plant in 1974 as a designer. The passion for “pure form” has become a showcase of the artist’s work. In the 1980s, she designed geometric, minimalist forms decorated with monochrome glazes or shaded showers. During this period, the ‘Ami’, ‘Triangles’ and ‘Hunters’ websites were created. The collections of the Bolesławiec museum include services in unique decorations, designed by the artist for the exhibition needs of the Bolesławiec Ceramic Works. In the mid-1990s, more websites were created. “Alicja” (1995) and “Bartek” (1996) went into production, sets with soft, soft lines. After 2000, J. Bany-Kozłowska designed further dinner, coffee and tea services, bearing the common name “Bird”, with a characteristic lid handle in the shape of a stylized bird. “Ptak” websites are produced in various stamp decorations. In 2009, the “Ania” tea service was created, referring to the shape of saucers, plates and dish holders to floral motifs. The service presented at the exhibition in navy blue enamel is unique because it has not entered into serial production.

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